The Breakdown of Interviews

Now that resumes are broken down and understood based on the general description and formats that can be used in the resume, it is now time to understand the interview process. There are many types of interviews that employers can use such as interviews that are structured, open-ended, panel, group, behavioral, situational, working, stress, and even media. By understanding all types of interviews the applicants will be able to prepare themselves for any kind of situation. Understanding the types of interviews is not the only way to prepare for an interview: organization, practice, and presentation will be helpful when preparing for a job interview. Lastly, it is important to understand the actual process and follow up of an interview.

Understanding the different types of interviews help applicants become prepared and aware of what situation they may run into when applying for jobs. Interviews can be structured meaning that questions are already prepared before the interview has started. This allows employers to compare answers from multiple applicants that may or may not be fit for the job. Interviews that are open-ended is when an interviewer adapts their line of questioning based on the answer the applicant gives so it is important for the applicant to pay attention and remember what they talking about throughout the interview. For some people, panel or group interviews are difficult because it involves more than one other person in the room beside yourself. This is way an employer can observe your interaction towards other people who you may possibly work with. Behavioral and situational interviews involve the interviewer to ask the applicant to explain an answer through experience or through hypothetical situation on the job. Working interview involves the applicant to actually do a task related to the job that is applied for and a stress interview are designed to give out questions that will demonstrate the stress level of an applicant. Behavioral, situational, working, and stress interviews demonstrate the capability an applicant has to handle the job they are being interviewed for by the employer. Media, which consists of the telephone, email, video chat, is now a very common way to interview people because it is more convenient and inexpensive for businesses and the applicants. It is important to still be as professional as possible in a media type interview even though it is not an in-person interview. Employers like to use media in interviews to have better recording of the interview and trace back to what actually occurred in the interview.

Knowing how to prepare for an interview is not just understanding the types of interviews that are available but preparing for the interview ahead of time by organization, practice, and presentation. Planning for interviewer’s questions, researching about the company and position you are interviewing for are ways to organize yourself before the interview occurs. Start early and give yourself time to do this process because it is important so the interview see you as a prepared applicant. Practicing mock interviews constantly will help an applicant get the feel of an interview environment and boost their confidence when answering more descriptive or intense questions. Practicing mock interviews will also polish your interview style. It is important when going in for an interview that you present yourself in the best way possible meaning  that hairstyle must be neat, clothes must be cleaned and ironed, and dress-code is always business conservative.

When an interview occurs the interviewer will ask “warm up” questions. This is the best time for an applicant to give out a good first impression with correct body language since these the more basic questions to answer. Next part to an interview is the question and answering stage. It is very important to listen very carefully to what the interviewer is asking for, answer the question when the interviewer is done speaking, never interrupt, lead the interview into a conversation that is relevant to the interview, etc. The last stage to an interview is the closing. Applicants are able to conclude to why they are a perfect fit for the job and correct any misconceptions. After the interview is over, within a couple of days it is important to create and send a thank-you message to the employer about having the opportunity to be interviewed and how you would be a great fit for the company. If the job is given to you it is very important to send a message of accepting or declining the job offer within a couple days.

Mariana Chiappori is a student at the University of South Florida majoring in biology. She is part of the Pre-Dental Society and hopes to attend dental school.

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